Chapter 01 1. The scientific study of human development can best be described as a. multidisciplinary b. focused on groups rather than individuals c. non-theoretical d. emphasizing stability over change ANSWER: a 2. Which term does not belong in this group? a. experiential b. nurture c. environmental d. hereditary ANSWER: d 3. Dr. Kim takes a strong nature position with regard to the origins of intellectual disabilities. Therefore, she would most likely hypothesize that her son’s intellectual disability (formally known as mental retardation) is due to a. her parenting style b. his genes c. his exposure to a toxic chemical prior to birth d. his exposure to Rubella prior to birth ANSWER: b 4. The notion that development is best described in terms of a series of abrupt shifts in behavior best fits with the approach. a. nature b. nurture c. continuity d. discontinuity ANSWER: d 5. Cleo, a director of a daycare, uses terms like “pre-K,” “K-3,” and the “upper-elementary.” These ideas are most compatible with a view. a. context-specificity b. hereditary c. continuity d. discontinuity ANSWER: d 6. Dr. Fletcher is attempting to determine whether adult criminals were rule-breakers throughout their childhood or whether they suddenly turned to a life of crime. Her research is most concerned with which issue of human development?read more
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