TEST BANK FOR Cherry & Jacob: Contemporary Nursing: Issues, Trends, and Management, 8th Edition Chapter 01: The Evolution of Professional Nursing Cherry & Jacob: Contemporary Nursing: Issues, Trends, and Management, 8th Edition MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Clara Barton is known for: a. becoming the first black public health nurse. b. establishing the Henry Street Settlement. c. founding the American Red Cross. d. publicizing the inadequacies of hospital-based nursing schools. ANS: C The American Red Cross, founded by Clara Barton in 1882, assisted in efforts to continue public health nursing. DIF: Knowledge REF: p. 11 2. Students are assigned to write to their state leaders about an issue affecting their community. One student writes about the need among rural community for greater access to acute care services. Which of the following pieces of legislation should the student use as a reference? a. Social Security Act b. Hill-Burton Act c. Sheppard-Towner Act d. U.S. Civil Service Act ANS: B The purpose of the Hill-Burton Act was to provide funding to construct hospitals and to help states in plan for other health care facilities in accordance with the needs of communities. DIF: Knowledge REF: p. 13 3. The practice of public health nursing and the Henry Street Settlement are credited to: a. Mary Breckenridge. b. Mary Seacole. c. Clara Barton. d. Lillian Wald. ANS: D Lillian Wald, a pioneer in public health nursing, is best known for the development and establishment of the Henry Street Settlement. DIF: Knowledge REF: p. 6 4. Occupational health nursing features beliefs similar to those of which early nursing pioneer? a. Lillian Wald b. Florence Nightingale c. Clara Barton d. Mary Seacole ANS: Aread more
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