DIABETES PRACTICE QUESTIONS 2022 "1. A patient with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus asks the nurse what ""type 2"" means in relation to diabetes. The nurse explains to the patient that type 2 diabetes differsfrom type 1 diabetes primarily in that with type 2 diabetes a. the pt is totally dependent on an outside source of insulin b. there is a decreased insulin secretion and cellular resistance to insulin that is produced c. the immune system destroys the pancreatic insulin-producing cells d. the insulin precursor that is secreted by the pancreas is not activated by the liver Answer B - Rationale: In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas producesinsulin, but the insulin isinsufficient for the body's needs or the cells do not respond to the insulin appropriately. The other information describes the physiology of type 1 diabetes The benefits of using an insulin pump include all of the following except: "a. By continuously providing insulin they eliminate the need for injections of insulin b. They simplify management of blood sugar and often improve A1C c. They enable exercise without compensatory carbohydrate consumption d. They help with weight loss D: Using an insulin pump has many advantages, including fewer dramatic swings in blood glucose levels, increased flexibility about diet, and improved accuracy of insulin doses and delivery; however, the use of an insulin pump has been associated with weight gain. A 54-year-old patient admitted with type 2 diabetes, asks the nurse what "type 2" means. Which of the following is the most appropriate response by the nurse? "1. ""With type 2 diabetes, the body of the pancreas becomes inflamed." 2. "With type 2 diabetes, insulin secretion is decreased and insulin resistance is increased." 3. "With type 2 diabetes, the patient is totally dependent on an outside source of insulin." 4. "With type 2 diabetes, the body produces autoantibodies that destroy b-cells in the pancreas."" "Right Answer: 2 Rationale: In type 2 diabetes mellitus, the secretion of insulin by the pancreas isreduced and/or the cells of the body become resistant to insulin" "A client is admitted to the hospital with signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus. Which findings is the nurse most likely to observe in this client? Select all that apply:read more
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