U S N T O Chapter 02: The Physical Examination Des Jardins: Clinical Manifestations and Assessment of Respiratory Disease, 8th Edition MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. When would induced hypothermia be indicated? a. During brain surgery b. During bowel surgery c. To break a fever d. To treat carbon monoxide poisoning ANS: A Induced hypothermia may involve only a portion of the body or the whole body. Induced hypothermia is often indicated before certain surgeries, such as heart or brain surgery, or after return of spontaneous circulation after a cardiac arrest. 2. A 50-year-old patient has a heart rate by palpation of 120 bpm. How should this be interpreted? a. Within the normal range for an adult b. An error since a stethoscope was not used c. Bradycardia d. Tachycardia ANS: D In an adult, a heart rate of gNreaRter tIhanG100B/m.iCnuteMis considered to be tachycardia. A heart rate of less than 60/minute in an adult is considered to be bradycardia. Palpation and auscultation are both acceptable to check heart rate. 3. Tachypnea may be the result of: 1. hypoxemia. 2. hypothermia. 3. fever. 4. sedation. a. 2, 4 b. 1, 3 c. 2, 3, 4 d. 1, 2, 3 ANS: B Tachypnea may be the result of hypoxemia, fever, and other causes. Hypothermia and sedation will usually result in bradycardia. 4. A 50-year-old patient would be said to have hypotension when her: a. blood pressure is 130/90 mm Hg. b. blood pressure is 85/55 mm Hg. c. heart rate is 55 bpm. d. pulse pressure is 40 mm Hg. ANS: Bread more
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