2 Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Which of the following is responsible for 60% of a person's body weight? A) Bone B) Muscle C) Water D) Fat 1) 2) The small intestine is lined with 4 to 5 million finger-like projections that are called A) Villi B) Lymph nodes C) Papillae D) Stomach buds 2) 3) Where does the digestion of food begin in the body? A) Mouth B) Stomach C) Small intestine D) Large intestine 3) 4) An example of malnutrition is A) Nutritional anemia B) Starvation C) Obesity D) All of the above 4) 5) Each of the following is TRUE about phytochemicals except one. Which one is the exception? A) They are not considered an essential nutrient B) They may provide protection against certain health conditions C) They are substances that come from plants D) They provide calories 5) 6) Taste perception can be altered by A) Health conditions B) Radiation therapy C) Medications D) All of the above 6) 7) Foods that have nutrients added that were lost during processing are called A) Probiotics B) Phytochemicals C) Fortified foods D) Enriched foods 7) 8) In what body cavity are the olfactory neurons, which are responsible for one's sense of smell, located? A) Nasal B) Cerebral C) Oral D) Intestinal 8) 9) For which of the five taste sensations do children have the greatest affinity? A) Bitter B) Sour C) Sweet D) Salt 9) 10) Antioxidants are thought to protect the body against the damaging effects of A) Genetically modified foods B) Phytochemicals C) Free radicals D) Nutrient deficiency 10) 11) The five sensations of taste are sweet, salty, bitter, sour, and A) Butter B) Umami C) Rich D) Rough 11) 12) The turnover time of taste buds is approximately how many days? A) One B) Ten C) Three D) Five 12)read more
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